The Patna Medical College is one of the oldest training centers of physicians and surgeons, in eastern India, next only to the Calcutta Medical College . If taken in the strict sense of the length of  its life it will be complenting its 88 years on 25th February 2013 A. D. Theoretically its history can be counted from 23rd June 1874, when its predecessor institution the  Patna School of Medicine was opened with the intention of imparting L. M. P. level medical training to the junior surgeons of the army establishments , those employed in civil dispensaries in Bihar eastern  U. P. and other  neighbouring areas as well as private students of the region
On the date of its opening it had 20 students with five teachers including its Principal  Dr. D. B. smith, the then Civil Surgeon of Patna . By the end of the year the number of students went up to 54 including the admissions from the general population nd the rest being army personnel and government servants. By a resolution of 31st August 1874 the Lt. Governor of Bengal  at the time Sir Richard Temple . By the middle of 1875 said medical school was named as Temple School of Medicine after the school  was shifted from its old site the Bankipore  Dispensary ( Where now the stand B. N. College hostels ) to an area of great historical impotance known as Muradbagh and  accommodated  in the Murad kothi which belonged to shah Murad Safawi  whose father Mirza Rustam Safawi was the Governor of Bihar in the 16th century in the reign of emperor Jahangir.
Te Temple School of Medicine was no doubt  Govt. medical institution but the philanthrophists  and social workers of the time also contributed liberally towards its smooth functioning . They  created a free holding or free studentship . The deserving poor students wee not to pay the fee but the college fee was reimbursed from the free holdship fund. A part of  this type of fund was also used in minor repair woks of the School  its laboratories , library  etc , but but the major part of its was  kept reserved from year to year so as to raise a bigger sum for a much larger project in future . The modern terminologies maintained and financed the institution , but the public   too contributed most liberally setting up an example of co-operation  . Coordination and combined efforts of government and the public for the advancement of medical education
With the passage of time it was soon felt that the certificate holder physicians were not in position to meet the challenges of the time the recurrence of malaria  , typhoid , abdominal disorders high prenatal and maternal  mortality rate with frequent out break of plague & cholera forced the people and the government to think seriously bout a medical training of higher  standard for the people of Biha region. Unfortunately the political and  revolutionary movement of the time at times forced the government and the people to go on shelving the plan for many yeas. With the separation  of Bihar and Orissa  from Bengal on 1st April 1912 the need for having a medical college of its on became more acute . this needed a well drawn plan and huge fund both being time taking. A temporary solution was found by sending 18 students selected by  Government   of  Bihar to Calcutta Medical College for degree course and medical training . The out break of world War ( 1914-1919) once again affected the prospects of a fully equipped medical college at Patna.  In order to sufficient fund from before Prince of Wales Medical Fund was created in which people started contributing most liberally .
The Bihar Legislature ( ten with a single house with bthe name of Bihar Legislative Council) contributed its own mite by passing a resolution asking the government to urgently establish a medical college at Patna. Under the Actof 1919 Bihar came to have Babu Ganesh Dutt Singh as a Ministers of Local Self Government (  With a medical Health Department as one of its branches) who took a keen interest in the scheme . The then Vice Chancellor of Patna University  Sir Syed Sultan Ahmad also utilised  his good office with the British administrator s  of te time. Maharaja Darbhanga initially contributed Rs. 5 Lakhs for the proposed  medical college back in 1920 and  become the single highest contributor . When the Prince of Walse visited Patna in 1925 he laid the foundation stone of the proposed medical college on 25th Feb. 1921. The medical college was formally opened on 25th July 1925 by Sir  Henry wheeler Governor of Bihar with just 30 students with Dr. H. R. Dutton I. M. S.  as its first Principal

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